Biomolecules

2017-07-27T17:43:36+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Phosphocreatine, Sphingosine, Squalene, Shikimic acid, Chlorin, Ascorbic acid, Morphine, Nucleic acid, Butyric acid, Phenethylamine, Porphyrin, Anandamide, Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid, Corrin, Aminolevulinic acid, Resin acid, 1,3-Bisphosphoglyceric acid, Bile, Chitin, Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Biopolymer, Phytic acid, Angiogenin, Heme C, Heme O, Heme B, Heme A, SAR1A, Porphin, Gymnochrome E, 3-Indolepropionic acid, (E)-4-Hydroxy-3-methyl-but-2-enyl pyrophosphate, Thiamine triphosphate, Beta-Hydroxy beta-methylbutyric acid, Crotonyl-CoA, Beta-Hydroxybutyryl-CoA, ER oxidoreductin, Lactoferricin, Palmitoylethanolamide, DnaA, Pentosidine, Dihydrobiopterin, Phosphopantetheine, Neurturin, 5-Bromouracil, Isoemericellin, Beta-Hydroxy beta-methylbutyryl-CoA flashcards Biomolecules
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  • Phosphocreatine
    Phosphocreatine, also known as creatine phosphate (CP) or PCr (Pcr), is a phosphorylated creatine molecule that serves as a rapidly mobilizable reserve of high-energy phosphates in skeletal muscle and the brain.
  • Sphingosine
    Sphingosine (2-amino-4-octadecene-1,3-diol) is an 18-carbon amino alcohol with an unsaturated hydrocarbon chain, which forms a primary part of sphingolipids, a class of cell membrane lipids that include sphingomyelin, an important phospholipid.
  • Squalene
    Squalene is a natural 30-carbon organic compound originally obtained for commercial purposes primarily from shark liver oil (hence its name, as Squalus is a genus of sharks), although plant sources (primarily vegetable oils) are now used as well, including amaranth seed, rice bran, wheat germ, and olives.
  • Shikimic acid
    Shikimic acid, more commonly known as its anionic form shikimate, is a cyclohexene, a cyclitol and a cyclohexanecarboxylic acid.
  • Chlorin
    In organic chemistry, a chlorin is a large heterocyclic aromatic ring consisting, at the core, of three pyrroles and one pyrroline coupled through four =CH- linkages.
  • Ascorbic acid
    Ascorbic acid is a naturally occurring organic compound with antioxidant properties.
  • Morphine
    Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate type which is found naturally in a number of plants and animals.
  • Nucleic acid
    Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or large biomolecules, essential for all known forms of life.
  • Butyric acid
    Butyric acid (from Greek βούτῡρον, meaning "butter"), also known under the systematic name butanoic acid, abbreviated BTA, is a carboxylic acid with the structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH.
  • Phenethylamine
    Phenethylamine (PEA), also known as β-phenylethylamine (β-PEA) and 2-phenylethan-1-amine, is an organic compound and a natural monoamine alkaloid, a trace amine, and also the name of a class of chemicals with many members that are well known for their psychoactive and stimulant effects.
  • Porphyrin
    Porphyrins are a group of heterocyclic macrocycle organic compounds, composed of four modified pyrrole subunits interconnected at their α carbon atoms via methine bridges (=CH−).
  • Anandamide
    Anandamide, also known as N-arachidonoylethanolamine or AEA, is a fatty acid neurotransmitter derived from the non-oxidative metabolism of eicosatetraenoic acid (arachidonic acid) an essential ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid.
  • Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid
    β-Hydroxybutyric acid, also known as 3-hydroxybutyric acid, is an organic compound and a beta hydroxy acid with the formula CH3CH(OH)CH2CO2H; its conjugate base is beta-hydroxybutyrate, also known as 3-hydroxybutyrate.
  • Corrin
    Corrin is an heterocyclic compound.
  • Aminolevulinic acid
    δ-Aminolevulinic acid (dALA or δ-ALA or 5ala or 5-aminolevulinic acid ) is the first compound in the porphyrin synthesis pathway, the pathway that leads to heme in mammals and chlorophyll in plants.
  • Resin acid
    Resin acid refers to mixtures of several related carboxylic acids, primarily abietic acid, found in tree resins.
  • 1,3-Bisphosphoglyceric acid
    1,3-Bisphosphoglyceric acid (1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate or 1,3BPG) is a 3-carbon organic molecule present in most, if not all, living organisms.
  • Bile
    Bile or gall is a dark green to yellowish brown fluid, produced by the liver of most vertebrates, that aids the digestion of lipids in the small intestine.
  • Chitin
    Chitin (C8H13O5N)n (/ˈkaɪtᵻn/ KY-tin) is a long-chain polymer of an N-acetylglucosamine, a derivative of glucose, and is found in many places throughout the natural world.
  • Vitamin A
    Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds that includes retinol, retinal, retinoic acid, and several provitamin A carotenoids (most notably beta-carotene).
  • Vitamin D
    Vitamin D refers to a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphate, and zinc.
  • Biopolymer
    Biopolymers are polymers produced by living organisms; in other words, they are polymeric biomolecules.
  • Phytic acid
    Phytic acid (known as inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6), inositol polyphosphate, or phytate when in salt form), discovered in 1903, a saturated cyclic acid, is the principal storage form of phosphorus in many plant tissues, especially bran and seeds.
  • Angiogenin
    Angiogenin (Ang) also known as ribonuclease 5 is a small 123 amino acid protein that in humans is encoded by the ANG gene.
  • Heme C
    Heme C (or haem C) is an important kind of heme.
  • Heme O
    Heme O (or haem O) differs from the closely related heme A by having a methyl group at ring position 8 instead of the formyl group.
  • Heme B
    Heme B or haem B (also known as protoheme IX) is the most abundant heme.
  • Heme A
    Heme A (or haem A) is a heme, a coordination complex consisting of a macrocyclic ligand called a porphyrin, chelating an iron atom.
  • SAR1A
    SAR1A or Sar1 is a protein involved in membrane trafficking.
  • Porphin
    Porphin, sometimes spelled porphine, is the parent chemical compound for types of biochemically significant compounds called porphyrins.
  • Gymnochrome E
    Gymnochrome E is a cytotoxic phenanthroperylenequinone isolated from a deep-water crinoid called Holopus rangii.
  • 3-Indolepropionic acid
    3-Indolepropionic acid (IPA), or indole-3-propionic acid, is a potent neuroprotective antioxidant and plant auxin that is being studied for therapeutic use in Alzheimer's disease.
  • (E)-4-Hydroxy-3-methyl-but-2-enyl pyrophosphate
    (E)-4-Hydroxy-3-methyl-but-2-enyl pyrophosphate (HMBPP or HMB-PP) is an intermediate of the MEP pathway (non-mevalonate pathway) of isoprenoid biosynthesis.
  • Thiamine triphosphate
    Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) is a biomolecule found in most organisms including bacteria, fungi, plants and animals.
  • Beta-Hydroxy beta-methylbutyric acid
    (Not to be confused with β-Hydroxybutyric acid.) β-Hydroxy β-methylbutyric acid (HMB), otherwise known as its conjugate base, β-hydroxy β-methylbutyrate (hydroxymethylbutyrate, HMB), is a naturally occurring metabolite in humans that is used as an ingredient in medical foods and sold as a dietary supplement.
  • Crotonyl-CoA
    Crotonyl-coenzyme A is an intermediate in the fermentation of butyric acid, and in the metabolism of lysine and tryptophan.
  • Beta-Hydroxybutyryl-CoA
    β-Hydroxybutyryl-CoA (or 3-hydroxybutyryl-coenzyme A) is an intermediate in the fermentation of butyric acid, and in the metabolism of lysine and tryptophan.
  • ER oxidoreductin
    ER oxidoreductin 1 (Ero1) is an oxidoreductase enzyme that catalyses the formation and isomerization of protein disulfide bonds in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of eukaryotes.
  • Lactoferricin
    Lactoferricin is an amphipathic, cationic peptide with anti-microbial and anti-cancer properties.
  • Palmitoylethanolamide
    Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is an endogenous fatty acid amide, belonging to the class of nuclear factor agonists.
  • DnaA
    DnaA is a protein that activates initiation of DNA replication in bacteria.
  • Pentosidine
    Pentosidine is a biomarker for advanced glycation endproducts, or AGEs.
  • Dihydrobiopterin
    Dihydrobiopterin (BH2) is a pteridine compound produced in the synthesis of L-DOPA, dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine.
  • Phosphopantetheine
    Phosphopantetheine, also known as 4'-Phosphopantetheine, is an essential prosthetic group of acyl carrier protein (ACP) and peptidyl carrier proteins (PCP) and aryl carrier proteins (ArCP) derived from Coenzyme A.
  • Neurturin
    Neurturin (NRTN) is a protein.
  • 5-Bromouracil
    5-Bromouracil (or 5-bromo-2,4(1H,3H)-pyrimidinedione or 5-BrU or 5-BU) is a brominated derivative of uracil that acts as an antimetabolite or base analog, substituting for thymine in DNA, and can induce DNA mutation in the same way as 2-aminopurine.
  • Isoemericellin
    Isoemericellin is a bio-active isolate of the marine fungus Emericella variecolor.
  • Beta-Hydroxy beta-methylbutyryl-CoA
    β-Hydroxy β-methylbutyryl-coenzyme A (HMB-CoA), also known as 3-hydroxyisovaleryl-CoA, is a metabolite of L-leucine that is produced in the human body.