Ethnic groups in Turkey

2017-07-27T17:31:35+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Alevism, Arabs in Turkey, Afshar people, Chechens, Circassians, Lom people, Muhacir, Azerbaijanis in Turkey, Azerbaijanis, Kurds, Romani people, Sephardi Jews, Ingush people, Karachays, Qarapapaqs, Pomaks, Shapsugs, Afro Turks, Karamanlides, Russians in Turkey, Uzbeks, Zazas, Laz people, Greek Muslims, Yörüks, Hemshin peoples, Rutul people, Kurds in Turkey, Armenians in Turkey, History of the Jews in Kurdistan, Mhallami, Brazilians in Turkey, Albanians in Turkey, Minorities in Turkey, Küresünni, Australians in Turkey, Yazidis in Turkey, Cappadocian Greeks, Iraqis in Turkey, Turkish Assyrians, Laz people in Turkey, Pomaks in Turkey, Canadians in Turkey flashcards Ethnic groups in Turkey
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  • Alevism
    Alevism or Alevi (/'ælɛvij/, also /æˈlɛviː/ or /əˈleɪviː/, Turkish: Alevîlik or Turkish: Anadolu Alevîliği/Alevileri, also called as Qizilbash, Spiritual Shiism or Shī‘ah Imāmī-Tasawwufī Ṭarīqah) is a mystical branch of Islam whose adherents are followers of Ali, the Twelve Imams and their descendant, the 13th century Alevi saint Haji Bektash Veli.
  • Arabs in Turkey
    Arabs in Turkey (Arabic: العرب في تركيا‎‎, Turkish: Türkiye'deki Araplar) refers to citizens and residents of Turkey who are ethnically Arab.
  • Afshar people
    The Afshar, also spelled Awshar or Afşar, are one of the Oghuz Turkic peoples.
  • Chechens
    Chechens (/ˈtʃɛtʃən/, Chechen: Нохчий Noxçiy; Old Chechen: Нахчой Naxçoy) are a Caucasian ethnic group of the Nakh peoples originating in the North Caucasus region of Eastern Europe.
  • Circassians
    The Circassians (Circassian: Адыгэхэр, Adygekher) are a Northwest Caucasian ethnic group native to Circassia, many of whom were displaced in the course of the Russian conquest of the Caucasus in the 19th century, especially after the Russian–Circassian War in 1864.
  • Lom people
    The Lom people also known as Bosha by non-Loms (Armenian: Բոշա; Georgian: ბოშა; Russian: Боша; Azeri: Poşa) or Armenian Romani (Russian: армянские цыгане; Armenian: հայ գնչուներ) or Caucasian Romani (Russian: кавказские цыгане) are an ethnic group in historic Armenia.
  • Muhacir
    Muhacir, Macırlar, or Muhajir, is a term used to refers to an estimated 10 million Ottoman Muslim citizens (including Turks, Albanians, Bosniaks, Circassians, Crimean Tatars, and Pomaks) who emigrated to Anatolia from the late 18th century until the end of the 20th century.
  • Azerbaijanis in Turkey
    Azerbaijanis in Turkey or Turkish Azerbaijanis (Azerbaijani: Türkiyə azərbaycanlıları) are Azerbaijani people in Turkey, and are Turkish citizens and permanent residents of ethnic Azerbaijani background.
  • Azerbaijanis
    Azerbaijanis (/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːniz/) or Azeris (Azerbaijani: Azərilər آذریلر, Azərbaycanlılar آذربایجانلیلار), also known as Azerbaijani Turks (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Türkləri آذربایجان تورکلری), are a Turkic ethnic group living mainly in Iranian Azerbaijan and the independent Republic of Azerbaijan.
  • Kurds
    The Kurds (Kurdish: کورد‎, Kurd) also the Kurdish people (Kurdish: گەلی کورد‎, Gelê Kurd) are an ethnic group in the Middle East, mostly inhabiting a contiguous area spanning adjacent parts of eastern and southeastern Turkey (Northern Kurdistan), western Iran (Eastern or Iranian Kurdistan), northern Iraq (Southern or Iraqi Kurdistan), and northern Syria (Western Kurdistan or Rojava).
  • Romani people
    The Romani (also spelled Romany; /ˈroʊməni/, /ˈrɒ-/), or Roma, are a traditionally nomadic ethnic group, living mostly in Europe and the Americas and originating from the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent, presumably from where the states Rajasthan, Haryana, and Punjab exist today.
  • Sephardi Jews
    Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or simply Sephardim (Hebrew: סְפָרַדִּים, Modern Hebrew: Sfaraddim, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm; also יְהוּדֵי סְפָרַד Y'hudey Spharad, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), are a Jewish ethnic division whose ethnogenesis and emergence as a distinct community of Jews coalesced in the Iberian Peninsula around the start of the 2nd millennium (i.e., about the year 1000).
  • Ingush people
    The Ingush (/ˈɪnɡʊʃ/, Ingush: ГIалгIай, Ğalğay, pronounced [ˈʁəlʁɑj]) are a Caucasian native ethnic group of the North Caucasus, mostly inhabiting the Russian republic of Ingushetia.
  • Karachays
    The Karachays are a Turkic speaking people of the North Caucasus, mostly situated in the Russian Karachay–Cherkess Republic.
  • Qarapapaqs
    The Qarapapaqs or Karapapaks (Azerbaijani: Qarapapaqlar, Tərəkəmələr; Turkish: Karapapaklar) are a Turkic sub-ethnic group of Azerbaijanis who mainly live in Azerbaijan, Iran, Georgia, and in the northeast of Turkey near the border with Georgia and Armenia, primarily in the provinces of Ardahan (around Lake Çıldır), Kars and Iğdır.
  • Pomaks
    Pomaks (Bulgarian: Помаци/Pomatsi, Greek: Πομάκοι/Pomákoi, Turkish: Pomaklar) is a term used for Slavic Muslims inhabiting Bulgaria, northeastern Greece and northwestern Turkey, mainly referring to the ca.
  • Shapsugs
    The Shapsug (Adyghe: шапсыгъ [ʃaːpsəʁ], Russian: шапсуги, Turkish: Şapsığlar, Arabic: الشابسوغ‎‎, Hebrew: שפסוגים‎‎), also known as the Shapsugh, are one of the twelve tribes of the Circassian people.
  • Afro Turks
    Afro Turks are people of Zanj descent in Turkey.
  • Karamanlides
    The Karamanlides (Greek: Καραμανλήδες; Turkish: Karamanlılar), or simply Karamanlis are an Orthodox, Turkish-speaking people native to the Karaman and Cappadocia regions of Anatolia.
  • Russians in Turkey
    Russians in Turkey number about 50,000 citizens.
  • Uzbeks
    The Uzbeks (Oʻzbek/Ўзбек, pl. Oʻzbeklar/Ўзбеклар) are a Turkic ethnic group; the largest Turkic ethnic group in Central Asia.
  • Zazas
    The Zazas (also known as Kird, Kirmanc or Dimili) are a people in eastern Anatolia who natively speak the Zaza language.
  • Laz people
    The Laz or Lazi (Laz: ლაზეფე (pl.), ლაზი (sing.); Georgian: ლაზები/ჭანები (pl.); ლაზი/ჭანი (sing.); Turkish: Lazlar, Laz;) are a Kartvelian-speaking ethnic group native to the Black Sea coastal regions of Turkey and Georgia.
  • Greek Muslims
    Greek Muslims, also known as Greek-speaking Muslims, are Muslims of Greek ethnic origin whose adoption of Islam (and often the Turkish language and identity) dates to the period of Ottoman rule in the southern Balkans.
  • Yörüks
    The Yörüks, also Yuruks or Yorouks (Turkish: Yörük; Greek: Γιουρούκοι, Youroúkoi; Bulgarian: юруци; Macedonian: Јуруци, juruci), are a Turkish ethnic group, some of whom are nomadic, primarily inhabiting the mountains of Anatolia, and partly in the Balkan peninsula.
  • Hemshin peoples
    The Hemshin peoples (Armenian: Համշէնցիներ Hamshentsiner; Turkish: Hemşinliler), also known as Hemshinli or Hamshenis or Homshetsi, are originally of Armenian descent who in the past or present have been affiliated with the Hemşin district in the province of Rize, Turkey.
  • Rutul people
    Rutuls, Rutulians (Rutul: Мыхьядыбыр, Mıẋyadıbır, Russian: рутульцы, rutuljcy) are an ethnic group in Dagestan, a republic in the south of Russia, and some parts of Azerbaijan.
  • Kurds in Turkey
    Kurds in Turkey (Kurdish: Kurdên li Tirkiyeyê‎; Turkish: Türkiye'deki Kürtler or Türkiye Kürtleri) are the largest ethnic minority in the country.
  • Armenians in Turkey
    Armenians in Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Ermenileri; Armenian: Թուրքահայեր, also Թրքահայեր, "Turkish Armenians"), one of the indigenous peoples of Turkey, have an estimated population of 50,000 to 70,000, down from 2 million in 1914.
  • History of the Jews in Kurdistan
    Jews of Kurdistan (Hebrew: יהודי כורדיסטן‎‎, Yehudei Kurdistan, lit. Jews of Kurdistan; Aramaic: אנשא דידן‎‎, Nashi Didan, lit. our people; Kurdish: Kurdên cihû‎) are the ancient Eastern Jewish communities, inhabiting the region known as Kurdistan in northern Mesopotamia, roughly covering parts of northwestern Iran, northern Iraq, northeastern Syria and southeastern Turkey.
  • Mhallami
    The Mhallami, or Mhalmites, (Arabic: محلّمى‎‎, Mḥallame; Syriac: ܡܚܠܡܝ̈ܐ‎, Mḥallmāye/Mḥallmoye; Turkish: Mıhellemi) is an Arab tribe, most of whom are living in and around the city of Mardin, Turkey.
  • Brazilians in Turkey
    Brazilians in Turkey are one of the very small Brazilian communities outside Brazil, numbering about 275.
  • Albanians in Turkey
    Albanians in Turkey are ethnic Albanian citizens and denizens of Turkey.
  • Minorities in Turkey
    Minorities in Turkey form a substantial part of the country's population, with at least an estimated 30% of the populace belonging to an ethnic minority.
  • Küresünni
    Küresünni are an ethnic group of Turkic people who settle in the territory of former Salmas County, Urmia County, Khoy County, Maku County in Iran and Van Province in Turkey.
  • Australians in Turkey
    There are as many as 12,000 Australians in Turkey.
  • Yazidis in Turkey
    Yazidis in Turkey may refer to people born in or residing in Turkey of full or partial Yazidi origin.
  • Cappadocian Greeks
    Cappadocian Greeks also known as Greek Cappadocians (Greek: Έλληνες-Καππαδόκες, Ελληνοκαππαδόκες, Καππαδόκες; Turkish: Kapadokyalı Rumlar) or simply Cappadocians are a Greek community native to the geographical region of Cappadocia in central-eastern Anatolia, roughly the Nevşehir Province and surrounding provinces of modern Turkey.
  • Iraqis in Turkey
    Iraqis in Turkey includes Turkish citizens of Iraqi origin, Iraqi-born citizens and Iraqi refugees.
  • Turkish Assyrians
    Assyrians/Syriacs in Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye'deki Süryaniler) are an indigenous Semitic ethnic group and minority of Turkey (and also northern Iraq and northeast Syria) with a presence in the region dating to as far back as the 25th century BC, making them the oldest ethnic group in the nation.
  • Laz people in Turkey
    The Laz people in Turkey refers to an ethnic group who are native to eastern Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey, and their descendants.
  • Pomaks in Turkey
    The Pomaks in Turkey refers to an ethnic group, who are predominantly Muslim and speak their own dialect of Bulgarian.
  • Canadians in Turkey
    There are over 1,100 Canadians living in Turkey, the majority of which are based in Ankara and Istanbul according to the Registration of Canadians Abroad (ROCA) and the local Canadian embassy and consulates in the country.