History of Europe

2017-07-27T17:29:44+03:00[Europe/Moscow] en true Columbian Exchange, Enlightened absolutism, History of Liechtenstein, Warmians, Congress of Vienna, Fasces, History of Europe, Holy Alliance, Locarno Treaties, Marshall Plan, Peace of Westphalia, Vikings, Yalta Conference, Age of Discovery, Germanisation, Geheimrat, Three-field system, Ostsiedlung, Sonderweg, Homage (feudal), History of the Mediterranean region, History of elephants in Europe, Corvée, Medieval antisemitism, European balance of power, List of shipwrecks of Europe, Major explorations after the Age of Discovery flashcards History of Europe
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  • Columbian Exchange
    The Columbian Exchange was the widespread transfer of animals, plants, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries, related to European colonization and trade after Christopher Columbus's 1492 voyage.
  • Enlightened absolutism
    Enlightened absolutism, also known as enlightened despotism and benevolent absolutism, is a form of absolute monarchy or despotism inspired by the Enlightenment.
  • History of Liechtenstein
    Political identity came to the territory now occupied by the Principality of Liechtenstein in 814, with the formation of the subcountry of Lower Rhætia.
  • Warmians
    Warmians (also Warmi) were one of the Prussian clans.
  • Congress of Vienna
    The Congress of Vienna (German: Wiener Kongress) was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
  • Fasces
    Fasces (/ˈfæsiːz/, (Italian: Fasci, Latin pronunciation: [ˈfa.skeːs], a plurale tantum, from the Latin word fascis, meaning "bundle") is a bound bundle of wooden rods, sometimes including an axe with its blade emerging. The fasces had its origin in the Etruscan civilization, and was passed on to ancient Rome, where it symbolized a magistrate's power and jurisdiction. The image has survived in the modern world as a representation of magisterial or collective power. The fasces frequently occurs as a charge in heraldry, it is present on an older design of the Mercury dime and behind the podium in the United States House of Representatives, it is used as the symbol of a number of Italian syndicalist groups, including the Unione Sindacale Italiana, and it was the origin of the name of the Natio
  • History of Europe
    The history of Europe covers the peoples inhabiting the European continent from prehistory to the present.
  • Holy Alliance
    The Holy Alliance (German: Heilige Allianz; Russian: Священный союз, Svyashchennyy soyuz; also called the Grand Alliance) was a coalition created by the monarchist great powers of Russia, Austria and Prussia.
  • Locarno Treaties
    The Locarno Treaties were seven agreements negotiated at Locarno, Switzerland, on 5–16 October 1925 and formally signed in London on 1 December, in which the First World War Western European Allied powers and the new states of Central and Eastern Europe sought to secure the post-war territorial settlement, and return normalizing relations with defeated Germany (which was, by this time, the Weimar Republic).
  • Marshall Plan
    The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $12 billion (approximately $120 billion in current dollar value as of June 2016) in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II.
  • Peace of Westphalia
    The Peace of Westphalia (German: Westfälischer Friede) was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster, effectively ending the European wars of religion.
  • Vikings
    Vikings (Norwegian and Danish: Vikinger; Swedish and Nynorsk: Vikingar; Icelandic: Víkingar), from Old Norse víkingr, were Norse seafarers, speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Scandinavian homelands across wide areas of northern, central and eastern Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.
  • Yalta Conference
    The Yalta Conference, sometimes called the Crimea Conference and codenamed the Argonaut Conference, held from February 4 to 11, 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, represented by President Franklin D.
  • Age of Discovery
    The Age of Discovery is an informal and loosely defined European historical period from the 15th century to the 18th century, marking the time in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and globalization.
  • Germanisation
    Germanisation (also spelt Germanization) refers to the spread of the German language, people and culture or policies which introduced these changes.
  • Geheimrat
    Geheimrat was the title of the highest advising officials at the Imperial, royal or principal courts of the Holy Roman Empire, who jointly formed the Geheimer Rat reporting to the ruler.
  • Three-field system
    The three-field system is a regime of crop rotation that was used in medieval and early-modern Europe.
  • Ostsiedlung
    Ostsiedlung (German pronunciation: [ˈɔstˌziːdlʊŋ], literally east settling), in English called the German eastward expansion, was the medieval eastward migration and settlement of German-speaking people from the Holy Roman Empire, especially its southern and western portions, into less-populated regions of eastern Central Europe and western Eastern Europe.
  • Sonderweg
    Sonderweg, a German loanword meaning "special path", identifies the theory in German historiography that considers the German-speaking lands or the country Germany itself to have followed a course from aristocracy to democracy unlike any other in Europe.
  • Homage (feudal)
    Homage in the Middle Ages was the ceremony in which a feudal tenant or vassal pledged reverence and submission to his feudal lord, receiving in exchange the symbolic title to his new position (investiture).
  • History of the Mediterranean region
    The history of the Mediterranean region is the history of the interaction of the cultures and people of the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea—the central superhighway of transport, trade and cultural exchange between diverse peoples—encompassing three continents: Western Asia, North Africa, and Southern Europe.
  • History of elephants in Europe
    The history of elephants in Europe dates back to the ice ages, when mammoths (various species of prehistoric elephant) roamed the northern parts of the Earth, from Europe to North America (mastodons only occurred in North America.) There was also the dwarf elephant of Cyprus (Elephas cypriotes), Sicily-Malta (Elephas falconeri) and mainland (Elephas antiquus).
  • Corvée
    Corvée is a form of unpaid, unfree labor, which is intermittent in nature and for limited periods of time: typically only a certain number of days' work each year.
  • Medieval antisemitism
    Antisemitism in the history of the Jews in the Middle Ages became increasingly prevalent in the Late Middle Ages.
  • European balance of power
    The European balance of power is an international relations concept that applies historically and currently to the states of Europe.
  • List of shipwrecks of Europe
    This is a list of shipwrecks located in and around the continent of Europe.
  • Major explorations after the Age of Discovery
    Major explorations continued after the Age of Discovery.